I've created this beginner's guide for the person who is looking at film for the first time. It's' a quick guide to researching the background of the film, the director and/or the film, along with some information on the basics of Film Analysis. I've taken many parts of the Yale University Film Analysis Guide and simplified the information, but the guide is amazing and I would recommend it highly.
Film has a long and varied history, but for these purposes I only did a small piece on Classic Hollywood Cinema, as that is where it all started (for the most part). It was what hollywood was built on and lays the basis for much of today's cinema.